• What are Multiple Intelligences?

What are Multiple Intelligences?

Howard Gardner introduced his Theory of Multiple Intelligences in his book Frames of Mind (Gardner, 1983). He suggested that the psychological construct ´intelligence´ should be formally measured in more ways than simply through the widely accepted logically/linguistic IQ-type tests. Gardner stated that our intelligences are organized 'vertically', as a number of almost different faculties, rather than 'horizontally', as a set of general abilities.

According to his theory an intelligence is:

The ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture, a set of skills that makes it possible for a person to solve problems in life and the potential for finding or creating solutions for problems which involve gathering new knowledge. (Gardner, 1993)

Intelligences are not fixed for life. All human beings possess them, but each person has a different intellectual composition. The intelligences can be strengthened and developed. Thus multiple intelligence theory is a means to empower people not to label them.